Archaeology around Sardinia - Diana tourist guide in Sardinia

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Archaeology around Sardinia

9 days to discover the best archaeological sites of Sardinia

An incredible presence of extraordinary archaeological monuments everywhere

What you'll do / see / taste:
1 Neolithic necropolis
6 Nuragic villages
2 Nuragic tombs
2 Nuragic sacred wells
7 archaeological museums
3 Roman towns
Capocaccia promontory natural monument
1 typical dinner
Day 1 - Olbia - Arzachena and the archaeological area
According to arrival time in Olbia some free time in town. Lunch on your own and in the afternoon departure to visit the important Nuragic monument La Prisgiona, an ancient construction dating back to the Bronze Age. It is all made of roughly worked boulders. Some additional rooms and spaces added to the basic tower-shaped building changed can be visited as well. In the period of the biggest development it was a real town with streets, internal courtyard, well, etc. Then carry on to visit Li muri necropoli dating back to the IV millenium BC. It consists of small burial cells surrounded by small slabs set in concentric circles. At the end visit the archaeological museum in Olbia that preserve the ancient ships form the Roman period found right in the center of Olbia. Dinner and overnight in hotel.

Day 2 - Nuragic monuments and Nuoro and the archaeological museum
In the morning stop for a visit at S'Ena e Thomes Nuragic monument, one of the so called giants' tomb. Its exedra (the semicircle that probably draws a bull's horns) has a width exceeding 10 metres, the central stele is almost 4 metres high and weighs about 7 tons and the funeral corridor is almost intact. Then continue with a visit of the of Serra Orrios, a very well preserved and almost complete Nuragic village made of 49 rooms, 2 temples, walls and 2 megalithic tombs. Lunch in Nuoro. In the afternoon visit the national archaeological museum in Nuoro with a rich collection of the findings of the area of Nuoro and Ogliastra from the period of the 20 000 years ago up to the Medioeval period. On the way to Fonni stop at Madau Giants' tomb situated at the Pratobello valley. The 4 tombs face the rising sun every morning. Dinner and overnight in hotel in Fonni.

Day 3 - Laconi Museum of Menhir and Nuraghe Arrubiu
Departure after breakfast to Laconi to visit the Museum with a very rich collection of menhirs. Lunch in Laconi in a local restaurant and proceed to Isili for a photo stop at the white nuraghe Is Paras. It is different from the other nuraghes because it was built with the white limestone buldres. The room inside the main tower is the highest one in Sardinia (11,80 m). Carry on to Orroli to be astonished by the huge size of Nuraghe Arrubiu called also red nuraghe according to its characteristic color. It is one of the biggest ones in Sardinia, it has 21 towers and covers the area of 5000 square meters. Dinner and overnight in hotel.

Day 4 - Cagliari - a fascinating historical town
Departure after breakfast to visit Cagliari and Castello district including the national archaeological museum that exhibits, besides many different findings, an outstanding collection of little bronze Nuragic statues and some of the enigmatic Giants of Monte Prama, one of the latest foundings in Sardinia. Lunch on your own and in the afternoon visit the Roman amphitheatre. It was built between the I and the II century AD, partly excavated in the rock and partly made in white limestone rock. It could contain 10 000 spectators which was one third of the whole population of the town in those times. At the end visit the botanical garden that has some Roman cisterns inside the gardens. Dinner in a traditional restaurant in town.

Day 5 - Nora, Montessu necropoli and Sant'Antioco
Visit Nora that is situated on the Pula promontory and that was founded by the Phoenicians during the VIII century B.C. as an important port. There are just few remains fromt he first period (for example tophet or walls). During the Roman period it was the most important town in Sardinia. There are different rests from this period: theatre, amphiteatre, spa, etc. Then continue to Villaperuccio to visit Montessu Neolithic necropoli, so-called domus de janas made of more than 40 tombs excavated inside the rock and dating back to the Neolithic period. In some of them there are the important religious symbols eyes of Goddess-Mother or the horns of God-Taurus. Lunch in a local restaurant. In the afternoon proceed to Sant'Antioco to vist the local archaeological museum and the tophet that was used from the VIII to the I century BC. It is a huge area at the open air with more than 3000 funeral urns. Dinner and overnight in Carbonia.

Day 6 - Su Nuraxi, Cuccurada nuragic villages and Oristano
The day dedicated to the visit of Barumini village with its Nuragic Su Nuraxi and the local Museum in Casa Zapata. Su Nuraxi is a Nuragic village that dates back to the Bronze age and is one of the nicest in Sardinia since it is very well preserved. Nowadays it is inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Casa Zapata was built at the end of the XVI century by an old Spanish family who arrived to Sardinia in 1323. There is a museum divided into 3 parts: archaeological, storical and ethnographical. Each session has a rich collection of findings and documents. Lunch in a restaurant. After that proceed to nuraghe Cuccurada in Mogoro. It is different from many other nuraghes since it has as a basis a corridor-shaped building instead of tower. At the end visit the Antiquario Arborense museum in Oristano. It is situated in the Palazzo Parpaglia. The collection is made of various findings from the nuraghes and from Tharros and of various Spanish artisan objects from the XV and the XVI century. Dinner and overnight in Oristano.

Day 7 - Tharros, Cabras and San Vero Milis
Departure after breakfast to visit Tharros, San Salvatore di Sinis's church and the area where the Giants of Monte Prama are still being escavated. The town of Tharros was founded by the Phoenicians in the VIII century BC. Visit the necropolise and the tophet that was in those times a typical open air sanctuary or burial area. Tha Carthaginians built the monumental temple and the defensive walls in the VI century BC. During the Roman period the roads using the slabs of basalt, aqueduct, a sewer system and three thermal baths were added to the town. Lunch in a local restaurant and in the afternoon visit the local archaeological museum in Cabras with Giants of Monte Prama: the magestic, more than 2 meters high nuragic statues that date back to the IX century BC, thus among the most ancient in the whole Mediterranean. The last stop is at S'Urachi Nuragic village near San Vero Milis, quite similar to Su Nuraxi, with 7 towers. Dinner and overnight in Oristano.

Day 8 - Santa Cristina, Santu Antine, Sassari and Alghero
In the morning visit Santa Cristina Nuragic sacred well situated in the tableland of Abbasanta. Walk down the stairs and visit this marvelous example of the religious nuragic architecture. The well dates back to the XII century BC and made of basalt stone. Then proceed to Santu Antine nuragic village. Its highest point reached originally 24 meters. Lunch in Sassari. In the afternoon visit the national archaeological museum then proceed to Alghero. Stop at Palmavera Nuragic village before proceeding to Capocaccia for a spectacular photostop in this limestone promontory. Under the promontory there are the Neptune's caves. Dinner ad overnight in Alghero.

Day 9 - Monte d'Accoddi and Porto Torres archaeological area
After breakfast departure to Monte d'Accoddi - Neolithic megalithic altar from the pre-nuragic era (IV millenium BC), a unique monumet in the whole Mediterranean area. Afterwards drive to Porto Torres to visit the Roman bridge with seven arcades and the excavations of the Roman colony Turris Libyssonis with the nearby arcaheological museum. Visit San Gavino basilica - a Romanesque church built on a paleochristian necropoli. Some spare time before departure.
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